Local politics and electoral performance in Brazil: The role of mayors in the national elections (2000-2010)
Date: Thursday, June 6, 2013 Time: 3-4:30 PM Place: CILAS Library, Institute of the Americas Complex, UCSD
Decentralization in Latin American democracies has increased the importance of local governments and elections in political parties’ activities. However, our understanding of how parties operate at the local level and their impact on national politics is still limited. In Brazil, one of the largest federations in the world, municipal governments play an important role in providing public services, collecting taxes and connecting citizens to state and national governments. As a result, Brazilian mayors are important political players in state and national elections and should be capable of transferring votes to their co-partisans. This talk presents preliminary results on the political impact of intra-party linkages in Brazilian elections and their implications for party politics in other Latin American democracies.
Leonardo S. Barone received his BA in Business Management at the Fundação Getulio Vargas, and another BA in Social Sciences at the University of São Paulo. He received a Master in Public Administration and Government at Fundação Getulio Vargas where he is currently a PhD student. He is also a researcher in Brazil at the Centro de Economia e Política do Setor Público (CEPESP-FGV) and Centro Brasileiro de Análise e Planejamento (CEBRAP). Furthermore, he received a research grant from the Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas Aplicadas (IPEA). His main interests are political parties, elections, policy evaluation, quantitative research and statistics.He received a "Doutorado Sanduíche" grant from Brazilian Federal Government to be a Visiting Graduate Student at CILAS and the Political Science Department at UCSD.
Lecture: Migration from Brazil to Japan - Living in Japan as Japanese-Brazilians and the Impact on their Ethnic Identity
Date: Wednesday, March 14, 2012 Time: 4-5 pm Place: Room 4 in the CILAS/Gildred Building, Institute of the Americas Complex, UCSD
From 1908 until the beginning of the 70s, more than 240,000 Japanese emigrated toBrazil. The estimate of the Japanese descendant population living in Brazil now is 1.3 million. In Brazil, the Japanese-Brazilians have maintained the Japanese culture tenaciously, even through today. They maintain their “Japanese” identity, although they are living as members of Brazilian society. They are taught by their parents or grandparents about the “virtuous Japanese", and make it a positive symbol. On the other hand, the migration from Brazil to Japan grew from the end of the 1980s to the beginning of the 1990s due to the labor shortage in Japan. As a consequence of the partial reform of the Law of Entrance of Foreigners and Refugees in Japan, that allowed the entrance of Japanese descendants up to the third generation with special visas, the Brazilian population in Japan, which was approximately 2,500 in 1987, increased to over 300,000 in 2006, and decreased to 215,000 in 2011. When they move to Japan from Brazil as temporary unskilled workers, the symbolic “Japanese” identity isn’t recognized as advantageous. On the contrary, they are considered to be foreigners by law and also by Japanese society, because of the difference in citizenship, language, customs, culture, and ways of thinking. The only similarities are physical appearances and the fact that they have Japanese blood. Unfortunately, that isn’t enough for them to be accepted by Japanese society. Here, they lose their confidence in being “Japanese”, and the identity of their home country becomes stronger; they feel that they are more “Brazilian” than before.
●Eunice Akemi Ishikawa is an Associate Professor in the Department of International Culture at the Shizuoka University of Art and Culture, Hamamatsu city, Shizuoka prefecture, Japan. She teaches Multicultural Society and Ethnicity, International Labor Migration and the second and highest level of the institution’s Portuguese language. In addition to her teaching duties, she conducts research related to the reverse migration of Brazilians of Japanese ancestry to Japan and contributes to a colleague’s research into gender studies. A native of Londrina, in the state of Paraná, Brazil, Ms. Ishikawa earned her BA in International Relations from Tsukuba University, Japan, and MA in International Studies from Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Japan. She is currently pursuing her Ph.D.through Ochanomizu University, Japan.
Sandwiches will be served.
Cosponsored by CCIS.
The Brazil Initiative presents a screening of the first movie of Tropa de Elite (Elite Squad), the first movie of the series Elite Squad: The Enemy Within. The screening will be followed by a round table composed by different participants and open to discussion to all CILAS, IR/PS members and UCSD communities, and will be moderated by the members of the Brazil Initiative. The discussion will focus on the political and geographical origins and development of the so-called favelas (slums). We will also address the current social violence in Brazil, as well as social and economic problems, and the dilemmas and challenges for the future of public security policies in Rio.
Popcorn will be provided.
Date: Friday, March 2, 2012 Time: 3-5 pm film, 5-6 pm discussion Place: CILAS/Gildred Building-Library, Institute of the Americas Complex, UCSD
Portuguese Language Table Winter 2012
Portuguese in I-House Lounges
Fridays, 3pm – 4pm
It is held twice a month at the CILAS building. Bate-Papo is an informal gathering of UCSD graduate and undergraduate students interested in discussing issues about Brazil. Guest participants from Brazil or the local Brazilian community are invited to take part on some occasions.
Cilas is located in the Gilred Building in Institute of Americas, UCSD
01/19 - 1:00 to 2:00
01/26- 1:00 to 2:00
02/18 - 12:00 to 1:00
02/25 - 12:00 to 1:00
03/02 - 2:30 to 3:30
03/13 - 3:00 to 4:00
03/20 - 3:00 to 4:00
05/11 - 3:00 to 4:00
06/01- 5:00 to 6:00
05/05 - 4:00